Daesh meaning in arabic

The term has already become official terminology in Russia and France, where it was adopted as far back as Septemberand has a major advantage in that IS fighters and leaders hate it. The word is an Arabic acronym of al-Dawla al-Islamiya fi Iraq wa ash-Sham — meaning the Islamic State of Iraq and al-Shams — but Daesh when spoken sounds similar to the Arabic words for "the sowers of discord" Dahes or "one who crushes underfoot" Daes.

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Due to Arabic wordplay, it could also be an insult and IS threatened "to cut the tongue of anyone who publicly used the acronym Daesh, instead of referring to the group by its full name", the Associated Press wrote in September Muslims have always preferred to use the term Daesh rather than Islamic State, given that, they argue, the territory the terrorist group controls in Iraq and Syria is neither Islamic nor a state.

Many object to the term Islamic State because "the word 'state' implies a system of administration and governance ", said David L Phillips, director of the Peace-Building and Rights Program at Columbia University. It is argued that Daesh has outgrown the titles Isis or Isil Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant — Levant being the English term for Syria, Lebanon, Jordan, Israel and the Palestinian Territoriessince it began its low-level insurgency in the deserts of eastern Syria and ploughed into Mosul in the summer of It is not the first time that a Conservative has pushed for the adoption of the term Daesh.

In July, Rehman Chishti, the MP for Gillingham and Rainham, launched a campaign to cease calling IS 'Islamic' State in order to uncouple the group from its false association with Islam and help challenge its legitimacy. Islamic State: This is the English version of what the terror group calls itself. It also claims to be a caliphate, which is a state ruled by a caliph, which is Arabic for "successor", meaning successor to the Islamic Prophet Muhammad.

The last generally acknowledged Muslim caliphate was the Ottoman Empire, which ended in Many governments and media refuse to use this name because it gives the group legitimacy as a state and a representative of Islam.

Isis : The militant group, which began as the Iraqi branch of al Qaeda during the US occupation, gained this name after it invaded Syria in The Levant is a geographical term that refers to the eastern shore of the Mediterranean — Syria, Lebanon, Palestine, Israel and Jordan. It is the term the US government uses since the "Levant" is apparently a better translation for al-Sham, the Arabic name for the region.

What does Daesh mean? ISIS 'threatens to cut out the tongues' of anyone using this word

Why Isis hates being called Daesh: What's the correct name for the world's most dangerous terrorists?It comes as Mr Cameron attempts to persuade the House of Commons to vote in favour of extending air strikes against Isis, also known as the Islamic State, over Syria.

In the same manner we refer to Isis or Isil, Daesh is the Arabic equivalent.

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Yes, although some experts believe the significance of this aspect of the word has been overplayed. In essence, the insult of the acronym stems from the fact abbreviations are not nearly as widely used in Latin-Arabic languages as in languages based on the purely Latin alphabet, Arabic-English translator Alice Guthrie explained.

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Daesh: what does the word mean? Is David Cameron's use of it significant?

Already registered? Log in. Cancel Delete comment. Cancel Flag comment. Independent Premium comments 0 Independent Premium comments Open comments 0 open comments.Here's to the Daesh bags. Western leaders — most recently French President Francois Hollande — have begun using a silly-sounding phonetic term for Islamic militants that apparently makes the madmen manic: Daesh. President Obama used the word earlier this week in a speech at the G summit in Turkey.

In the past month, U.

Paris Attacks: What Does 'Daesh' Mean and Why Does ISIS Hate It?

On Wednesday, Hollande slipped it into his address about raids on terroristssaying "Daesh is guilty" of last week's Paris massacre. The world's most feared terror group is already known by several names, which media and politicians use interchangeably. First, there's the Islamic State, which seems to be the favorite name of the radicals themselves, because it legitimizes their apocalyptic ambition of a bloody Islamic regime. The Islamic State name is often used in the group's propaganda videos.

daesh meaning in arabic

It is also an acronym, short for — take a deep breath — Dawlat al-Islamiyah f'al-Iraq w Belaad al-Sham, which is the full Arabic term for what English speakers translate as the Islamic State. As Arabic translator Alice Guthrie explained in an exhaustive Free Word article this year, acronyms are rarely used at all in Arabic, so any acronym already sounds ridiculous to many Arabic speakers.

Worse yet, the acronym Daesh is nearly identical to the Arabic word "dais," meaning something that crushes or tramples. That's an ominous definition on its own, but not the one this self-aggrandizing group wants in its quest for Islamic rule. But in the wake of the Paris massacre, the word now seems to be in its prime. Skip to content. Western leaders — most recently French President Francois Hollande —are bandwagoning behind a silly-sounding word for Islamic militants.

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The terror group prefers to be known as the Islamic State, and is averse to any acronyms, especially one politicians are now using more often. So what's the deal with Daesh? Related Gallery.

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Most Read. Cicely Tyson, iconic Harlem-born actor, dead at NYPD officer charged with kiddie porn after making teens send him violent sexual videos on social media. Recommended on Daily News.Google searches for the term have leapt as world leaders begin to use the term in place of ISIS - but what does it mean, and why does Islamic State hate the word so much?

Because it is similar to the Arabic words 'Daes', 'one who crushes something underfoot' and 'Dahes', translated as 'one who sows discord'. In Januarythen Australian Prime Minister Tony Abbott announced that he would begin referring to the Islamic State group by this name, saying: " Daesh hates being referred to by this term, and what they don't like has an instinctive appeal to me. Evan Kohlmann, a national security analyst, told NBC: "It's a derogatory term and not something people should use even if you dislike them.

The term has grown in popularity since the Paris terror attacks in November when a series of coordinated terror attacks left at least people dead. By Nicola Oakley Head of Audience. Suchandrika Chakrabarti. Video Loading Video Unavailable.

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daesh meaning in arabic

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Inside Daesh prison in Northern Syria

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According to Arabic translator Alice Guthrie"D. SH is a transliteration of the Arabic acronym formed of the same words that make up I. Secretary of State John Kerry often uses the term, too. It, like most things involved with the terrorist organization, is not without controversy. Kohlmann said government officials choose the term to avoid using other, more common, names for the group because of the loaded words in those popular references.

In that role, he assigns, edits, reports and writes breaking news stories, and works with a team of reporters covering mainly the daytime hours.

He started this role in April Before that he was on the launch team at The Daily — News Corp's "iPad newspaper" — where he spent two years as a news editor.

Prior to that, he worked in newspapers, serving in multiple roles — including associate editor from to — at the Burlington Free Press. He lives in Manhattan with his wife and two young daughters. IE 11 is not supported. For an optimal experience visit our site on another browser. News Opinion Business World. Follow NBC News. Patrick Garrity.The group is fighting for survival after humiliating military defeats and the debate continues over the official name of ISIS, Isil or Islamic State.

It can also mean the Islamic State in al-Sham, the Arabic name for the region, and the group have said its goal is to create a caliphate in this region. The name ISIS has proved an issue for many companies and brands, as it also belongs to an ancient Egyptian goddess. The murderous network — known for its barbaric public executions — was originally part of al-Qaeda before splitting with the group over differences in ideology and methods.

This name was given to the group as it was thought to be more accurate to their geographical location as the Levant includes Syria, Palestine, Lebanon, Israel and Jordan. The term ISIS is more commonly used within international news publications, and has been used as a label in official United Nations reports.

Counter-terrorism expert Dr Anne Aly, a research fellow at Curtin University, said it is neither "here or there" what you call the terror group. At the time a BBC spokesman said the corporation had no choice but to refer to the group by the name it uses itself. The Kurdish-led Syrian Democratic Forces, with help from British and US special forces, have advanced over the area in the past few days.

US-led coalition drones are helping troops on the ground by giving a top-down perspective of the battle to commadners. Warplanes have been dropping huge bombs after being called in by SDF troops, according to reports.

We confirm there are no negotiations and no intention to have negotiations. Source: Read Full Article. We and our partners use cookies on this site to improve our service, perform analytics, personalize advertising, measure advertising performance, and remember website preferences.Descriptive statistics are very important because if we simply presented our raw data it would be hard to visulize what the data was showing, especially if there was a lot of it.

Descriptive statistics therefore enables us to present the data in a more meaningful way, which allows simpler interpretation of the data.

daesh meaning in arabic

For example, if we had the results of 100 pieces of students' coursework, we may be interested in the overall performance of those students. We would also be interested in the distribution or spread of the marks. Descriptive statistics allow us to do this.

How to properly describe data through statistics and graphs is an important topic and discussed in other Laerd Statistics guides. Typically, there are two general types of statistic that are used to describe data:When we use descriptive statistics it is useful to summarize our group of data using a combination of tabulated description (i.

We have seen that descriptive statistics provide information about our immediate group of data. For example, we could calculate the mean and standard deviation of the exam marks for the 100 students and this could provide valuable information about this group of 100 students. Any group of data like this, which includes all the data you are interested in, is called a population.

A population can be small or large, as long as it includes all the data you are interested in. For example, if you were only interested in the exam marks of 100 students, the 100 students would represent your population. Descriptive statistics are applied to populations, and the properties of populations, like the mean or standard deviation, are called parameters as they represent the whole population (i. Often, however, you do not have access to the whole population you are interested in investigating, but only a limited number of data instead.

For example, you might be interested in the exam marks of all students in the UK. It is not feasible to measure all exam marks of all students in the whole of the UK so you have to measure a smaller sample of students (e.

Properties of samples, such as the mean or standard deviation, are not called parameters, but statistics. Inferential statistics are techniques that allow us to use these samples to make generalizations about the populations from which the samples were drawn.

It is, therefore, important that the sample accurately represents the population. The process of achieving this is called sampling (sampling strategies are discussed in detail here on our sister site). Inferential statistics arise out of the fact that sampling naturally incurs sampling error and thus a sample is not expected to perfectly represent the population. The methods of inferential statistics are (1) the estimation of parameter(s) and (2) testing of statistical hypotheses.

We have provided some answers to common FAQs on the next page. Alternatively, why not now read our guide on Types of Variable. Descriptive Statistics Descriptive statistics is the term given to the analysis of data that helps describe, show or summarize data in a meaningful way such that, for example, patterns might emerge from the data. Typically, there are two general types of statistic that are used to describe data: Measures of central tendency: these are ways of describing the central position of a frequency distribution for a group of data.

In this case, the frequency distribution is simply the distribution and pattern of marks scored by the 100 students from the lowest to the highest.

We can describe this central position using a number of statistics, including the mode, median, and mean. You can read about measures of central tendency here. Measures of spread: these are ways of summarizing a group of data by describing how spread out the scores are. For example, the mean score of our 100 students may be 65 out of 100.


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